• A visual intrepretation of the elements

    There exists a natural affinity between iconography and chemistry. Chemistry, in contrast to physics which leans towards abstract mathematical representation and biology with natural form, relies on symbolism which has a very concrete expression through the physical reality of the elements themselves. It is very much a science of the senses but its sights and smells are at a remove from nature and are penned into a symbolic universe much as the alchemists remained sealed in their laboratories in search of the Philosophers' Stone. Thus the chemist, like the alchemist before him, hopes that by reducing nature to its simplest elements and then putting them back together to gain mastery over it. With this end in view, chemistry has evolved as a science based on the symbolism of the chemical elements which are individually loaded with attributes which can inspire artistic expression. These attributes take many forms, historical, geographical, sociological, economic, physical properties and appearance. These attributes ramify when an element’s hermetic isolation is breached and it combines with other elements to produce materials with new properties. There are 110 elements, their standard arrangement is in octaves where the properties of each note are to some extent repeated by heavier elements within subsequent octaves. Because nature is awkward and does not like perfect analogies, after the first two octaves subsequent octaves are disrupted by the introduction additional blocks of elements between the second and third notes for the next three octaves. The sixth octave remains to be completed and awaits the discovery of new elements.

    The Sheffield Chemdex: the directory of chemistry on the WWW since 1993.

  • Chemical Education Digital Library

    Benzene rings and other aspects of chemistry come alive with these "living textbooks." This collection of key chemistry documents and primers is made possible via the Chemical Education Digital Library (ChemEd DL) and its contains eight separate items. They are called "living" because they are updated by their owners and those responsible for their continued success.

    Users will find "Practice in Thinking: A Laboratory Course in Introductory Chemistry," "Chemistry Leaflets," and "Wiki: Quantum States of Atoms and Molecules" here for their consideration. The Chemistry Leaflets provide an interesting wrinkle as they were originally published between 1927 and the mid-1940s. Visitors shouldn't miss "Chemical Principles through Integrated Multiple Exemplars (ChemPRIME)" as it is designed so that general chemistry concepts can be presented in an order that reflects the conceptual structure of the discipline.
  • ChemIDplus

    A database of 350,000 chemical records, including over 100,000 with structures.  Locator links allow immediate searching of other databases for information about a given chemical.

  • Chemistry for students and teachers

    At the age of 50, Allan CampbellPhC MPS, led the most successful contract manufacturing Detergent and Sanitiser company in New Zealand. Recently retired, he has seized the opportunity to devote time to his wide ranging interests, one of which is to share his knowledge of Detergent Chemistryand Chemistryin general to students
  • Chemistry in everyday life

    Learn about chemistry as it relates to everyday life. You'll find out how things work, see the humorous side of science, get ideas for home experiments, and catch the latest chemistry news

  • Chemistry of Everyday Life; Frequently asked questions

    A very useful resource on how things are made, or how they work.

  • Chemistry resource links

    Lists a variety of good links. 

  • Chemtutor - The National Science Foundation - Grades 9 to 12

    "Use Chemtutor for help with the fundamentals of Chemistry. Although this site appears "plain vanilla," there is a lot of information and helpful explanations. Click on problematic areas of understanding for help with many of the most difficult to understand concepts

  • Common Molecules

    The reciprocal net is a distributed datbase used by research crystallographers
    to store information about molecular structures. This project is funded by the national science foundation.
  • General Chemistry Online

    Common Compound Library
    A searchable database of over 800 common compound names, formulas, structures, and properties.

    Companion Notes
    Hyperlinked notes and guides for first semester general chemistry.


    Construction Kits
    Flash-based kits for building chemical formulas, names, equations, and problem solutions.

    Featured articles, books, and tutorials.

    Interactive graphing, popup tables, and calculators.

    Index of self-guided tutorials, quizzes, and drills on specific topics

  • How Products are made

    A-B  C-D  E-G  H-L  M-P  R-Z

    Film Reference

    How Products Are Made explains and details the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery. The site provides step by step descriptions of the assembly and the manufacturing process (complemented with illustrations and diagrams).

  • ICSD Chemistry Zone: Bonding Lessons


    Bonding by Analogy
    Dog - Bone Bonds
    This lesson give a quick yet memorable introduction to ionic, covalent, and polar covalent bonds. Animations & Explanation
    Bonding Lessons This lesson addresses the different types of Intermolecular bonds and Intramolecular bonds. A nice overview of the types of bonds.

    Animations & Explanation


    Summary of Forces & Bonds This lesson looks at the fundamental forces and all the bonds that result form them. Nice treatment ofinterandintramolecular bonds. Animations &
    Dissolving and Dissociating This lesson uses animation to show how a salt dissociates in water. It also compares dissolve and dissociate. Explanation & Interactive Animation
    Electron Sharing and Covalent Bonds A great lesson on all aspects electron sharing and covalent bonds. Lots of good interactive animations.(Long! Don't try to go through it in one sitting.) Explanation & Interactive Animation
    Lewis Octet Theory This theory applies to covalent (shared) bonds. Explanation & Images
    ChemBalancer - Balancing Chemical Equations This interactive tutorial lets you practice balancing chemical equations and gives you immediate feedback. Interactive Lesson
    (4.0 browser needed)


  • Learn about chemical around your house - EPA Site

    There are many household products used around your home. What do you know about them?

  • Los Alamos National Laboratory's Chemistry Division Presents:Periodic table of the elements

    Originally this resource, the Periodic Table, was created by Robert Husted at Los Alamos National Laboratory during his time as a Graduate Research Assistant.  

    The Periodic Table that you are currently viewing was inherited by the Chemistry Division from the Computer Division who provided the laboratory some of the internets first web sites.

    This page was given a face lift, tummy tuck, and lobotomy in 2002/2003 by Mollie Boorman. All of the graphics (other than the one of the nuclear submarine) were created in Adobe Photoshop and/or Adobe Illustrator in the eye-numbing hours of Mollie's workday. Still to come: grammar changes and newer information. Email Mollie at just to contribute useful comments and corrections, but because Mollie likes email.

    This page is being offered as a public service to all those wanting to become more educated in the field of Chemistry.  This is an imperfect resource with ambiguities and errors.  If you notice something incorrect about our web page we would be grateful for any pointers.  We welcome any suggestions or comment at

    Good Luck, and Good Chemistry.

  • Organic Chemistry tutorials and help

    This guide presents some tips for working multistep synthesis problems.

  • Periodic Table of the Elements

    Periodic Table of Elements presented in 6 languages: German, English, French, Croatian, Italian and Spanish with in depth information for each element. Includes a scientific and molecular weight calculator. Offers printable PDF materials and other misc.
  • Periodic Table online

  • Royal Society of Chemistry 1998 HE Teaching Award winner
  • has selected the WebElements web site as a winner of the 2002 Sci/Tech Web Awards
  • WebElements is rated as one of the MARS Best of Free Reference Web Sites of 2001. MARS is the Machine-Assisted Reference Section of the Reference and User Services Association of the American Library Association
  • Periodic table with add'l links

    My name is Yinon Bentor, and I created Chemical as my 8th grade science project several years ago. Since then, I have continued to update the site in my free time, and the site is now very different from the original design. Since I "completed" the site for my science fair project in early 1996, I have added more information to each of the element pages, changed the layout of the site to make it easier to use, added different ways to view the table, and made the site more aesthetically pleasing. Formerly "The Periodic Table of the Elements on the Internet", the site has moved through several servers (it is currently hosted through Pair Networks) and is now called "Chemical".
  • Steve Marsden's Chemisty resources for Students and Teachers

  • VSEPR Information

    Lecture series 5 Chemistry 20A, Professor Jim Heath.
    This includes VSEPR information, most important section.
  • What's that stuff?

    Ever wondered about what's really in hair coloring, Silly Putty, Cheese Wiz, artificial snow, or self-tanners? C&EN presents a collection of articles that gives you a look at the chemistry behind a wide variety of everyday products.

  • World of Molecules

    View a variety of molecules in the following categories: Food, Fuel, Pesticides, Solvents, etc. Key resources found on this free site include a periodic table, scientific calculator, dictionary, and molecular modeling.

  • WWW Chemistry Guide

    The directory and search engine of chemistry related resources on the Internet. Our search engine allows you to search the contents of more than 250 website. It searches only the sites we specify, bypassing a lot of the junk.